Ludmila Bejenaru
Pages 42-48
DOI: 10.5840/cultura2006325


“We have exhausted the evangelic field and we entered into the apocalyptic sphere” – will note Berdiaev in his work “The Irregularity Philosophy” (1923), expressing the ideas of an entire align of Russian philosophers and theologians, Rozanov (Russian Church, The Apocalypse of Our Time), Merejkovski, (Bolnaia Rossia), Florenski (Stolp T utverjdenie istmi), Shestov (Dostoievski i Nietzche, Apofeoz bespocivennoski) etc. We will assert that all reminded thinkers identified the new type as eschatological. In “The Faust’s Thoughts Before Death” Berdiaev evokes Faust’s fate, that is itself the faith of the European culture. Faust’s soul is the soul of the western Europe, that insistently searched the truth and allied with Mefistofel, and then to be gradually absorbed, eaten, by the Mephistophelian beginning. The moor’s tye, writes Berdiaev, it is a symbol of Faust’s spiritual journey, of his spiritual decay. The pass from culture, in essence religious, to the civilization devoided of God, takes place; civilization that frets Faust’s creative energy. All Faust’s hopes and his raising are dicing. Goethe, says Berdiaev, expressed the western culture soul and fate. In “The Faust’s Thoughts Before Death”, the Russian philosopher does not make reference to Spengler’s book “Occidental Decay”. Practically, the berdiavian analysis,of sixteen pages, is entire dedicated to Spengler’s “Occidental Decay”. What is the “Occidental Decay”? According to Spengler – the western culture crisis stands in the values’ reverse. A culture’s decay appears through a crisis of the created values.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *