Weidong Zhou
Pages 81-94


In “Cultural Variation and Cultural Creation in Chinese Biographical Writing and Carnegie’s Work” Weidong Zhou discusses the impact on Chinese biographical writing via biographies written in Chinese and translated from English about Andrew Carnegie’s life and work. The interpretation of Carnegie’s philanthropy includes Chinese traditional cultural concepts such as “righteousness,” “cause and effect,” and “self-cultivation” which constitute the unique understanding of “philanthropy” in modern Chinese literature. From a “moral model” to “successful person” the overall images following Carnegie can reflect the processes of acceptance of Western “individualism.” Zhu argues that Carnegie’s example was shaped as a “Youth Idol” in the May Fourth Movement from which the unique route of modernization in Chinese literature and culture can be traced.